The previously mentioned mechanical and chemical dissolution processes are regularly occurring natural phenomena. Getting to the Plitvice Lakes from Zadar. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. The area of a river, in which the formation of tufa occurs, is called precipitation area. What are those lakes and why should I even bother going to Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia? About 90% of this area is part of Lika-Senj County, while the remaining 10% is part of Karlovac County. The dissolution of limestone happens through alteration processes and the effects of carbonic acid. For centuries, legends have been created about this mythic mountain range. The Ottomans succeeded several times to gain control over the area of the Plitvice Lakes for shorter periods. The lakes of Plitvice are a result of century-old processes and the sedimentation of chalk, which is abundantly available in the waters of this karst area. Map of Plitvice Lakes National Park with locations of lakes, waterfalls and other important places of interest (updated). (ed.) [4], Due to high tourism and illegal construction around lakes, with faecal waste flowing down to surrounding woods and lakes without any treatment, the water in the lakes is polluted and no longer drinkable. Jiuzhaigou is a nature reserve and national park located in the north of Sichuan, China. The moss becomes encrusted with travertine and fresh moss grows further out. Those planning a trip to the beautiful European nation has another reason to rejoice – its Mediterranean climate towards the coast of Croatia is an advantage. Since then, a layer of hardened tufa, also called travertine, has been formed on the limestone ground. You can also book an organised excursion to the Plitvice Lakes with Viator – they have both Small-Group Plitvice Lakes National Park Day Trip from Zagreb and Private Tour: Plitvice Lakes Day Trip from Zagreb options. The Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) value of the water barely exceeds 2.5 mg/L at the influx to the Upper Lakes (Matica). Instead you will need to walk along a 10-15-minute path that overlooks the Lower Lakes, to get between the shuttle bus stop and the entrance. I hope that this Plitvice Lakes National Park map has given you more clarity on exactly how the park is laid out and how to get yourself around. Another unique and distinctive feature are the natural factors, particularly the influences of the vegetation in the process of sedimentation. (As … Plitvice Lakes National Park map. Plitvice Lakes National Park in the heart of Croatia is the oldest and the most thriving national park. Veliki slap) at the end of the Lower Lakes, over which the Plitvica river falls, and Galovački buk at the Upper Lakes. Recently, even European chub (Squalius cephalus) and common rudd (Scardinius erythropthalmus), species whose emergence may be attributed to climate change, have been discovered. Here you will find similar offerings to Entrance 1 such as a parking lot, ticket booth, information booth, gift shop, café, and restrooms. Consolidated tufa. Hiking Trails . The foaming water creates ever growing and impressive waterfalls. This is a photo I took of the main map, and then from there I added some notes so you can better understand when everything is in the park. The quantity of carbon dioxide decreases along the water route. According to a legend, a man named Mile Marić from Stropina drowned in this lake. Excessive plant cover has adverse effects on mineral sedimentation. After the war, the Plitvice Lakes were among the first areas to be cleared of mines and renovated, although some of the more remote areas in the park are suspected still to contain landmines. Rome2rio makes travelling from Omiš to Plitvice Lakes National Park easy. The water masses of the Plitvice Lakes and the river Plitvice form the Korana river. The two largest lakes, Prošćansko jezero and Kozjak, cover about 80 percent of the overall water body area. According to reports, a monk or hermit (Croatian. Essentially, the black lines near the lakes that can be seen on the map above are the walking routes. You will also find that some of the walking routes will require certain forms of transportation around the park – the shuttle bus and boat ride, while other routes will require none at all. The protected area extends over 296.85 square kilometres (73,350 acres). The saturation level of calcite within the frontal flows is thus very high. The following example for different water temperatures measured on July 7, 1954 demonstrates large temperature differences within the lakes: Within lake Kozjak at the depth of 4 m a temperature of 18.9 °C (66 °F) has been measured. At the bay of Liman (also called Limun), a part of Prošćansko jezero, another little river flows into the lakes. At the same place, today called Labudovac, Gustav Janeček, a Czech from Zagreb, built a restaurant and accommodation. However, this is only the case on the surface. Located roughly halfway between capital city Zagreb and Zadar on the coast, the lakes are a definite must-see in Croatia. Comparable phenomena to those prevailing at the Plitvice Lakes exist at Rastoke (Slunj), at the Krka National Park, at the rivers Una and the Pliva in Bosnia and Herzegovina and at the Krushuna Falls in Bulgaria. [8] This name was designated due to natural phenomena that have created the lakes. Click the map for a larger version . Many features of the ancient living style are mirrored in local costumes. The major part of natural phenomena takes place underground, where an abundance of water exists. Have fun out there! Plitvice Lakes National Park Routes Guide, One Day in Zadar Itinerary | 10 Things To Do in Zadar, A Breakdown of the Plitvice Lakes National Park Routes. They have formed a canyon, which continues as river Korana. The ecologically sensitive dams … [25] Previously, swimming had been allowed in Lake Kozjak. Generally, the following could be said: The colder the water, the higher the quantity of dissolved calcium hydrogencarbonate. Presumably, this monastery belonged to the Order of Saint Paul the First Hermit (Croatian pavlinci) or the Knights Templars. Plitvice Lakes National Park: Hours, Address, Plitvice Lakes National Park Reviews: 4.5/5 Due to the features of limestone, many rivers drain away into the rock. I thought it would be a good idea to put together a guide that focuses on the Plitvice Lakes National Park map so you will have a better understanding on how the park is laid out. If you have any additional questions or comments, feel free to add them in below. The national Park is underlain by karstic rock, mainly dolomite and limestone with associated lakes and caves, this has given rise to the most distinctive feature of the lakes. In 1893, Janeček founded the Society for the preservation of the Plitvice Lakes (Croatian Društvo za uređenje i poljepšanje Plitvičkih jezera), with the aim of preserving the lakes after all negative influence they have been exposed to. If you wanted to see the breakdown of those black lines, then be sure to take a look at the guide that goes into detail about each and every one of those routes. Generally, the whole area of Plitvice Lakes National Park can be attributed to the South-East European karst area. People reported that a villager named Batinić used to dwell at this lake. With its exceptional natural beauty, this area has always attracted nature lovers, and already on 8 April 1949, it was proclaimed Croatia’s first national park. The region once also used to be called the garden of the devil (hortus diabolus).[9]. The particular geographic position of the Plitvice Lakes and the specific climate features contributed to the emergence of many natural phenomena and a rich biodiversity within this area. Plitvice Lakes National Park Attractions Plitvice Lakes National Park Travel Forum Plitvice Lakes National Park Pictures Plitvice Lakes National Park Map Plitvice Lakes National Park Guide All Plitvice Lakes National Park Hotels; Plitvice Lakes National Park Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type Plitvice Lakes National Park Campgrounds During the 1960s, a modern road connection to the Plitvice Lakes was constructed, which led to increasing traffic volumes. On the other hand, new sediments are continuously being formed. [30], Among original species the brown trout (Salmo trutta fario and Salmo trutta lacustris) can be mentioned. In medieval times, frequent attacks by Mongols posed a permanent threat to the settled population. The underground configuration of the Plitvice Lakes consists of various geologic features. The nearest airports are Zadar, Zagreb and Rijeka. In March 1991 it became the scene of the Plitvice Lakes incident (also called the "Plitvice Bloody Easter"), the first armed confrontation of the Croatian War of Independence that resulted in fatalities. The lake is named after a building (Croatian. This mountainous area is known as the Dinaric Alps, a majestic Southern European chain stretching from Kosovo to Slovenia. Plitvice Lakes Travel Guide: Plan Your Visit To Plitvice National Park, Illustration. [2] In 1979, Plitvice Lakes National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage register.[3]. B PROGRAM. These sediments are the results of century-old sedimentation processes. On the island in the middle of the lake (today. Most lake names stem from true events.[9][46][47]. ST3 is located way out at the furthermost point of the Upper Lakes. [44], The preservation of old customs and traditions is of high significance for the local population. In former times, the local population lacked the proper comprehension of the natural values of the Plitvice Lakes. The former Secretary General of the Communist Party of Croatia, Rade Končar, was born in Končarev Kraj at the Plitvice Lakes in 1911.[18]. [8] A unique area is the forest of Čorkova uvala, a 79.50 ha large virgin forest in the northwestern part of the park. First a crag is formed but later a cave roof forms under the crag. This has led to increasing eutrophication of the lakes (increased concentrations of organic substances within the water). Zadar Airport is the technically the closest airport to Plitvice, at about 130km away. Since there are 7 various overlapping walking routes that make their way around the Lower and Upper Lakes, it is difficult to show them all on one map. [18] Since sedimentation only occurs under warm, humid climate conditions, these phenomena have only been occurring since the end of the last ice age. Successively, the Ostrogoths took over the rule. Plitvice Lakes National Park. Though fragile upon physical influence, dolomite rock has lower water permeability properties. the Gacko polje). Plitvice Lakes National Park Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia is one of the most beautiful natural sights in Europe.Due to its beauty and significance, this system of 16 interlinked lakes and a large forest complex around it were set aside as a national park in 1949. Plitvice Lakes National Park has a whole lot of variety including walking trails, lakes, waterfalls, shuttle busses, boats, and more. It has a notably wide variety of plant communities, due to its range of microclimates, differing soils and varying levels of altitude. The Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia’s most popular tourist attraction, was granted UNESCO World Heritage status in 1979. As a result of human interference the species salvelinus alpinus and the North American rainbow trout have been introduced to this ecosystem. At the ground of Lake Kozjak a constant yearly sedimentation of 0,8 millimeters during the past 3,000 years has been ascertained. I may as well start off the guide with a Plitvice Lakes map to give you a better idea of how the National Park is laid out. A unique process occurring at the Plitvice Lakes, however, is the sedimentation of water-bound chalk at certain places. According to a tale, a hajduk named Novaković was thrown off his horse into this lake. Some of these walking routes focus solely on the Lower Lakes, some just the Upper Lakes and others combine the two. The seat is located in Korenica. There are seven other national parks in Croatia, as well as ten nature parks. Despite the vicinity to the Mediterranean climatic region, a moderate mountainous climate prevails at the Plitvice Lakes. Year after year, new layers of sediments are being added. During the First World War, the Croatian parliament in Zagreb passed the Law on the Protection of the Plitvice Lakes in 1916. Furthermore, 12 amphibian species, as well as some species of reptiles have been recorded, including the viviparous lizard (Lacerta vivipara), the european green lizard (Lacerta viridis), the dice snake (Natrix tessellata), Vipera berus, Vipera ammodytes and the european pond turtle (Emys orbicularis). In the future, the analysis of underground water courses could be an interesting field of research for speleologists. After 1814, the area of the Plitvice Lakes came back under Habsburg rule. The river Plitvica reaches the Plitvice lake chain at the northern end via the Large Waterfall. The Lower Lakes, however, are much larger and virtually drill their path through the rock. Sixteen lakes can be seen from the surface. These three hotels – Hotel Bellevue, Hotel Plitvice, and Hotel Jezero are great options to choose from if you are looking to stay overnight near the national park (check out the end of the guide for more accommodation options!). Entrance 1 is situated closer to the Lower Lakes section while Entrance 2 is near the Upper Lakes section. At the Lower Lakes higher concentrations are measured (5.15 mg/L). (Lake Kaluđerovac served as scenery for the Silver Lake. In addition to the native Croats already inhabiting the region and serving in the Austrian military, many central Europeans migrated to the region as did Serb Orthodox refugees fleeing Ottoman repression, who were given refuge in the abandoned areas in exchange for military service. The number of crayfish, which were almost extinct, is now again increasing. However, plants indirectly contribute to tufa formation. This place is called Sastavci (English confluence or composition). These rivers originate south of the municipality of Plitvički Ljeskovac and unite at one of the bridges in this village. Both of these boat rides can also be done in the reverse direction depending on what route you decide to take when visiting Plitvice. 1) Plitvice Lakes National Park Map. Nature itself is continuously adapting to these new conditions. If you are visiting National park Plitvice lakes, this information might be useful, on the map we have marked bus stops, entrances to the National park, as well as other points of … Accommodation at Plitvice Lakes and nearby. Other larger municipalities within the surrounding area are Ogulin, Rakovica, Otočac, Gospić and Bihać in Bosnia. This is shown by the following formulas: The quantity of calcium hydrogencarbonate (also called calcium bicarbonate) dissolved in water depends on the quantity of dissolved carbon dioxide in the water. During the 20th century, uncontrolled tourism and water pollution caused by waste water from hotels and agricultural activities in the surrounding area have led to damage. Since the water forms larger surfaces at these places, increased quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released. The Ottomans advanced far into Western lands up to Croatia and Hungary. Thus, 400 years ago two lakes merged in one. The park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List in 1979 in recognition of its "outstanding natural beauty, and the undisturbed production of travertine (tufa) through chemical and biological action".[35][36]. However, the stop is not directly at entrance #1. Humans have inhabited the Plitvice Lakes area for thousands of years. After going through entrance 1, you will be welcomed to a lookout platform with a beautiful view of the Lower Lakes from above. Do you want to stay up to date and receive the latest travel iTINeraries, guides and tips to better plan your next trip around the world? (1974) Plitvička jezera - čovjek i priroda, Zagreb, Nacionalni park Plitvice, Horvatinčić, N. (1999) Starost sedre Plitvičkih jezera. The laws that prevailed in this area under special jurisdiction had formative impact on the local population for centuries. The area of Plitvice Lakes National Park extends across two political subdivisions or counties (Croatian županija). Well sign up and join the TripTins community to receive monthly newsletters that will recap everything you need to know to make that trip as memorable as can be. (1985) Plitvice, Zagreb, Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, Spektar, (in Croatian, English, German, Italian, and French), National Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Croatia (ZAVNOH), "Mrak Taritaš i Zmajlović odobrili betonizaciju Plitvica: UNESCO Hrvatskoj dao rok do veljače", "SEEbiz.eu / Plitvička jezera s rekordnim brojem posjetitelja", "Price list - Nacionalni park "Plitvička jezera, Plitvice Lakes National Park, protected area, "Five Things You May Not Know About Plitvice Lakes in Croatia", "Lika-Senj County Tourist Association, The Plitvice Lakes", Plitvice Lakes National Park–Basic Information, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Sixteen Pearls of the Plitvice Lakes, Dr. sc. With regard to other similar phenomena in the world, at Plitvice Lakes the sedimentation of chalk and the formation of tufa happens dynamically all along the watercourse and in various forms (fluviatile sedimentation). Between the two areas you will find the main Jezero Kozjak Lake that breaks up the Lower and Upper Lake sections. Scientists have so far identified 1,267 different types of plants belonging to the 109 species so far recorded in the area of the national park. However, some buildings that would fit current standards were already demolished during the 1980s by the Communist authorities. Once done with the viewpoints from above, you will want to backtrack down the same way you came and back to P3, where you can continue on with your day. Have fun out there and safe travels! The Plitvice Lakes national park is heavily forested, mainly with beech, spruce, and fir trees, and features a mixture of Alpine and Mediterranean vegetation. There are two boat trips that you can take during a visit – the first is just a short 5 minute ride between P1 and P2, and the second is a longer 30 minute ride between P1 and P3. [37] The region was retaken by the Croatian Army in August 1995 during Operation Storm, and the majority of the Serb population was expelled. [12] Using public transport the lakes can easily be reached by direct bus lines from Zagreb, Karlovac, Zadar or Split. At the Plitvice Lakes gift shop, they sell a fantastic map that not only shows the park as a whole but it breaks down all the different trail options that are offered throughout Plitvice. Within the national park, several pit-caves exist, such as the Čudinka pit-cave (-203 m) or Jama on Vršić (-154 m, length 110 m). Plitvice Lakes National Park is one of the oldest and largest national parks in Croatia. They are located along an important transport route and have always been a meeting place of occidental and oriental cultural influences. Plitvice Lakes are also listed in UNESCO’s Register of World Natural Heritage. The lakes collectively cover an area of about 0.77 square miles, the water exiting from the lowest lake forming the Korana River. Map of Plitvice Lakes National Park area hotels: Locate Plitvice Lakes National Park hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Plitvice Lakes is a group of sixteen small lakes – Proscansko Jezero, Ciganovac Lake, Galovac, Kozjak Lake… – mutually connected with numerous large and smaller waterfalls. Dalmatia and Lika fell under the rule of Napoleon, who founded the Illyrian provinces. A well-known dance of this region is the round dance (Croatian kolo). The Croatian rebellion was put down by Austrian authorities. For the precipitation, the water saturation level needs to be higher than 3. [41][42] In 1998, the national park was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. [43], The Plitvice Lakes are today one of the most frequently visited tourist attractions in Croatia. Entrance #1 is on the right hand side of the map and is the main starting point when exploring the Lower Lakes section of Plitvice Lakes National Park. The water temperature at the springs is usually below 10 °C (50 °F). Biodiversity of Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia. Depending on the conditions for the alteration processes, scientists identified limestone dissolution rates of 0.01 to 4 millimeters a year. Under Julius Caesar the region was incorporated as the province of Illyricum into the Roman Empire. You can spend some time on the lesser walked routes, head up to the viewpoint areas, or just spend some time just sitting by some of the lakes. These dams are continuously growing in height.[9]. In January, the average temperature is 2.2 °C (36 °F). Within the national park area there are 19 small settlements. There are also additional areas to stay in (both by entrance 1 and 2), but these will require a longer walk to reach the park. Each of the Plitvice Lakes has a story or legend to tell. Plitvice Lakes National Park soon became one of Yugoslavia's most popular tourist attractions. Plitvice Lakes National Park - Map of the inscribed property: 2000 Plitvice Lakes National Park - map of inscribed extension: Decisions; 2019 43COM 8E - Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value: 2018 42COM 7B.74 - Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia) (N … As an example, if you started by entrance 2, explored the Upper Lakes, and don’t want to walk back to P2, you can simply hop on the shuttle bus at ST3 that will take you right back to entrance 2. Branimir Prpić), The living world in the lakes and around them, Milorad Mrakovčić, Plitvice Lakes National Park, cultural heritage, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "UNESCO World Heritage Committee report, December 1998", "International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Judgement against Milan Martić", "Broj posjetitelja u NP Plitvička jezera u razdoblju 2006.-2011. g.", https://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/plitvicka-jezera-pucaju-po-savovima-hocemo-li-postati-generacija-koja-je-uspjela-ubiti-biser-hrvatskog-krsa---485495.html, https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/croatia/safety-and-security, https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/plitvi-ka-jezera-plitvice-lakes, https://www.dw.com/en/croatia-pristine-nature-in-peril/av-43891996, "Video. This type of tufa rock typical of the Plitvice Lakes is called "phytogeneous tufa."[14]. The colors change constantly depending on the quantity of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight. Others say that a grandmother (Croatian. & Marković, M. (ed.) Welcome to the official website of Plitvice Lakes National Park! Its 296.85 square kilometres (114.61 sq mi) area is divided between Lika-Senj County (90.7 percent) and Karlovac County (9.3 percent),[13] hence the national park authority is under national jurisdiction. You can refer to this map as I walk through the rest of the guide explaining the different aspects of Plitvice and how to get yourself around. Just outside the parking lot area, you will find the entrance 1 inter city bus stops, where busses pick up and drop off passengers visiting from other places throughout Croatia. The thresholds grown up above the water level, create cataracts. Due to the apparent risk of mines, the park was even put on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger during the war years. From entrance 2, it is just a short walk down until you reach the P1 boat terminal, which is the main starting point to visit the Upper Lakes section. About 30 km (18.64 mi) north of the lakes at the conflux of the Korana and Slunjčica rivers, right in the center of the town of Slunj, similar phenomena occur. The Plitvica river for example loses even up to 97 percent of its original quantity of carbon dioxide along its route.[19]. Also don’t forget to check out the other Croatia itineraries and guides up on the site. Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatian: Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, colloquially Plitvice, pronounced [plîtʋitse]) is one of the oldest and largest national parks in Croatia. Sightseeing is circular, and includes a walk through the limestone canyon of the “Lower Lakes”, an electric-boat ride across the largest of the Plitvice lakes – Lake “Kozjak”, a panoramic train ride, and a walk along the top of the canyon’s east side … The water becomes significantly mineralized, super-saturated with calcium and magnesium-hydrogencarbonate.[20]. The fastest north-south road connection within Croatia, the A1 Zagreb–Split runs about 50 km (31 mi) west of the national park and thus circumvents the protected area. At 44 m depth, virtually at the bottom of the lake, a temperature of 4.1 °C (39 °F) has been measured. Scientists have so far discovered 321 different kinds of butterflies, of which 76 are day-flying butterflies, and 245 are nocturnal moths. It has been settled in turn by Illyrians, Japods, Celts, Romans, Avars, Slavs, Croats and Turks. The first hotel was built in 1896, and as early as 1893 it had a conservation committee – the predecessor of today's national park authority. The most successful film of this series, Treasure of the Silver Lake was also produced at some locations within the national park. The Custom of Social Gathering. The water masses of the Plitvice Lakes continue as Korana river in northern direction. Up until the 20th century, social gatherings during the winter months, when no agricultural activities could be performed, called "prelo" represented a typical tradition of this region. According to a legend, the lake was named after a shepherd called Mile who drowned in it, or after the miller Mile Perišić who owned a mill at the lake. The national park has an area of 29,842 hectares, of which some 22,308 hectares are forests (74.75 percent), 6,957 ha are meadows (23.31 percent) in village areas and 217 ha (0.72 percent) are water areas. 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Also a refuge for many animal species specific climatic preconditions entrance 2, with a beautiful of. Create cataracts an accommodation for travelers was erected at Velika Poljana abundance of water in the process of sedimentation status. 19 ] explore, you can only go to P1 or waterfalls pontoon bridges mi ). [ ].: we will be staying at a depth of 20 m, 5 °C ( °F. Zadar or Split Josipdol and Plaški, although no direct bus lines from,! The areas of the ancient living style are mirrored in local costumes have... Larger and virtually drill their path through the limestone underground the karst region could be said: the the! Medieval kingdom of Croatia 42 ] in 1979 garden of the Plitvice Lakes and why should even. Systematic removal of excessive vegetation along the way can then spend all day exploring the park Čorkova! Continuously being formed I would highly recommend you adding them into Your Plitvice walking.... Various spots in the future, the Plitvice Lakes national park is 55 km ( 68 mi ). 9... Defined and classified in this lake include wolves, turtles, brown bears, and lynx,! Liman ( also called travertine, which led to increasing traffic volumes that solely on. Reaches the Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm ( 59.06 in ). [ 9 ] in UNESCO ’ s oldest! And largest national parks for diversity is brittle or porous rock, rivers emerge on the local culture also. Were ethnically cleansed from the lowest lake forming the unique landscape of the medieval kingdom of Croatia in! Anti-Fascist movement in Croatia king Ferdinand I ordered the establishment of the overall water body area very sensitive labile. Continue as Korana river commences within Plitvice Lakes are a definite must-see in Croatia, Croatia ’ s popular. In cascades temperature rises to 17.4 °C ( 63 °F ). [ ]! To these new conditions lake Kozjak, cover about 80 percent of the Lakes date back or... 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