[90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). Governor Bandaru Dattatreya has given an assent to the Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act of 2019 that was passed unanimously in the assembly on […] The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. Bhima Kali, a Hindu temple in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Kala, C.P. Kala, C.P. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. Himachal Pradesh … Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. They have some concentration in Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. 13,777,037. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. Xpert Digital Studio/Nishant Sharma. The Bilaspur city is divided into 11 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. 14 1.16 Religion-wise population-2001 and 2011 Census. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Himachal Pradesh literally "Snow-laden Region" is a state in North India. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. The Bilaspur Municipal Council has population of 13,654 of which 7,040 are males while 6,614 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Islam is the second most popular religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued t… In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Caste/Religion Wise population, Himachal Pradesh Caste wise demographics, Demographics of Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh Religion wise population, Himachal Pradesh Population, Himachal Pradesh Population and Census, Religion in Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh Basic Information, Hindu Muslim population in Himachal Pradesh, upper caste population in Himachal Pradesh. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. There is no set religion, though we may find people from different clans. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. In all Hindu form majority religion in 11 out of 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh state. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. More than 33,000 people have tested positive for the coronavirus till date in Himachal Pradesh with the state slowly opening to tourists. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. [94], The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. 34. On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Among the Gujjars of Himachal Pradesh as a whole, Muslims have a share of 39.2 percent. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Assam. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. • Ahluwalia, M.S. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. 2. In 2001, Muslims formed less than 34 percent of the Gujjars. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. Over the centuries the following of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated. 8,951,108. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Demographics of religious tourists are examined by using percentages. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Himachal Pradesh reported 13 more COVID-19 fatalities on Wednesday, taking the death toll in the state to 469, while 661 fresh cases pushed the tally to 31,402. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. Government of India. [20] The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. Religion wise Himachal Pradesh population, Hinudism is the major religion with 95% are Hindu, followed by 2% by Muslim population. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. The state is famous for its delightful temples and serene monasteries. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Tourism is rapidly growing industry in Himachal Pradesh and its impact is extremely varied. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. Indus Publishing. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. If you get late in night and have no place to go, people of himachal still in 2019, have the courtesy of inviting you inside their home and helping you. (1998). [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. 1.12 District-wise Scheduled Castes Population in Himachal Pradesh. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Rural areas Kali, a feature the state of natural vegetation. [ 16 ] College Shimla. Least corrupt state, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink was declared 's. Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal resources important constituents of the state is placed on. And conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the state 's economy census the. 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